Diabetes is a global public health problem that concerns individuals of all ages, sexes, and developed and developing countries. In parallel with the development and availability of both diagnostic methods and treatments for diabetes, even in developing countries, a sharp increase in the number of cases has been observed following the improved lifestyle adopting western way of life in the last 5 decades (epidemiological transition).
Consequences of diabetes are not only clinical but also socio-economic given costs associated with its chronic care and reduced productivity of affected people.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by a high blood sugar level and impaired production of insulin, the hormone that controls the passage of blood sugar to the cells. There is type 1 or insulin-dependent diabetes, in which there is no insulin production, and type 2 diabetes or insulin-resistant diabetes, where insulin production and / or its effects are impaired. Both types depend on genetic and environmental factors, but these play a greater role in triggering type 2, which can account for up to 90% of diabetes cases. In the long term, diabetes is followed by several complications that can seriously damage the feet, eyes, kidneys and heart.
Why diabetes increase among mature age people?
Singh and colleagues (2015) argue that “Atherosclerosis, diabetes, and dyslipidemia are known as the major causes of cardiovascular diseases, and are linked to have some kind of interconnection with free radicals.”
Diabetes can results from oxidative stress unsues as free radicals overwhelm the body antioxidant capacity Diabetes is accompanied by an increase in the production of free radicals responsible for the oxidation of cells and their compounds and the disruption of the antioxidant defense system.
Breakthrough solution to free radicals
Overwhelming evidences from scientific studies proved that organic vegetables and fruits effectivelly clean free radicals from the human body and so recommended them to be used as the best alternative to synthetic antioxidants, which were found to be more dangerous to health.
Initially,these natural fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds possess a broad spectrum of biological, pharmacological and therapeutic activities against free radicals and oxidative stress. They are also known to enhance our body immunity and to support human body tissue rejuvenation and repair. Indeed, it’s by this phenomen that the skin reflects well the eating patterns: if you eat healthy your skin looks fresh, young and healthy.
There is a strong association between oxydative strees and diabetes. Antioxidant consumption is beneficial for type 2 diabetes patients. Antioxidants are often touted as miracle nutrients that can prevent and treat diseases, including diabetes. A large number of studies confirm the role of antioxidants in the prevention and management of diabetes. A Mediterranean diet, rich in antioxidants, reduces not only the risk diabetes but also of cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Thus, prevention is better than cure.